While often thought of in a generalized sense, counseling is not merely a blanket profession that applies one particular treatment to any and all problems. Instead, there are many different types of counseling available, all of which deal with unique problems at a more deeply involved and intimate level. No matter what hardship an individual or even larger number of people may be facing, there is undoubtedly some form of professional help available to assist in putting it all behind them.

If you’ve been contemplating seeking out help for yourself or someone dear to you, here are a few of the most common types of counseling available:

1 – Depression Counseling

Depression is one of the most ubiquitous mood disorders across the globe. No matter how many cliched phrases have been affixed to the notion that life is hard, well, they’re all true to some extent, and many people feel the effects of that quite deeply. It can be difficult to understand what to do about it and move forward in life. If you allow darker thoughts and feelings of doubt or worthlessness to take the forefront, it can hold you back from accomplishing goals and even destroy many of your personal relationships.

Despite its commonality, depression is deeply misunderstood in many cases. It tends to be dealt with in a completely counterproductive manner on the home front, with questions such as “what’s wrong with you?” coming from all fronts rather than a more useful sentiment of “how can I help?” With depression counseling, an ear can be lent to any problem, and it will be addressed with empathy and constructive input. The dangers of letting depression continually mount under the surface are quite dire, so seek out help as soon as you can if you or your loved ones happen to be afflicted.

2 – Marriage Counseling

This is easily among the most well known types of counseling. Even the most loving couple will eventually come at some type of crossroads in their relationship, where one particular compromise asked of them is just too difficult to accept. Often times, even worse circumstances are at hand, from disagreements over how to raise children to handling finances and even problems with communication, intimacy, and trust. It’s often useful to turn to a counselor in order to save the marriage from irreparable damage as tensions continue to rise. With a role as an unbiased mediator, the counselor can often help partners better understand one another and resolve their differences.

3 – Child Counseling

There are a variety of different child counselors. Some may specialize in helping children overcome social anxieties or difficulty staying focused in school, whereas others may assist in correcting bad behavior. In tragic cases, there are also counselors available that can help rebuild the trust and damaged psyches of children that have been abused in some manner. All of the experiences of childhood build the foundation for how a person will ultimately turn out, so it’s of the utmost importance that any issues with them at either home or school be given proper attention.

Starting out with specialized care at an earlier age will help avoid the problems from spiraling further out of control somewhere down the line. Many of the problems that adults face (from social acceptance to the struggle to filter out harmful tendencies) often stem from issues that were left unchecked during their childhoods. The sensitive nature of children and how deeply their emotions run can never be underestimated.

4 – Work Counseling

There are also a number of different work counselors available for consultation. They can fulfill tasks such as helping individuals find a path towards the career they want to handling conflicts between existing coworkers. Inter-office relations are immensely important in making sure work can be done in a productive manner. Any sort of dark cloud looming over a staff due to certain individuals being at odds can greatly effect the productivity of the entire unit. Everything from personal issues to hiring or assistance in handling sensitive matters such as layoffs in a respectable manner can be fielded by a counselor.

5 – School Counseling

Similarly, another common form of counselorship is to oversee issues children are experiencing in school specifically. Counseling can also help bridge the gap between parents and students to solidify their work ethic or even iron out problems that may exist between the students and their teachers. Of course, altercations between students themselves, even those that may have once been the best of friends, also arise quite often. With counseling, all of the above can be turned around before the issues take too much away from the education.

6 – Grief Counseling

Of course, another of life’s most difficult hurdles is the loss of a loved one. Whether it’s a family member, significant other, friend, or beloved pet, the attachment to those we love is both an extreme blessing and curse if the burden of losing them is experienced. The harsh reality of someone you care for no longer being around is a shock that’s difficult to process and then accept, even in the long term. For those that have a particularly difficult time, grief counseling can help them pick up the pieces and at least find the strength to continue on with their own lives without feeling they’ve abandoned or dishonored the memory of the departed.